Celiac Disease

A Brief Overview

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that is triggered when the person in question eats gluten, a type of protein.
The immune system then proceeds to attack your small intestine.

HOW DO YOU GET IT?

Celiac disease is passed down genetically, or it can develop naturally.
If it runs in your family, you have a higher chance of getting it.
It may also develop naturally, even if you have been exposed to a lot of gluten in your life.

WHAT DOES CELIAC DISEASE DO?

When gluten is eaten, the immune system attacks the small intestine, damaging villi.
The damaging of the villi is called villous atrophy,
and the villi are too short to reach some of the nutrients, therefore causing malabsorption.

WHAT IS THE TREATMENT?

There is no proven treatment, (experimental treatments are being tested and made),
but early diagnosis can help a lot, as you can design a diet that will reduce symptoms.
The diet will avoid gluten completely, which results in the celiac disease not haveing a serious effect on your body.

SYMPTOMS

The classic symptom is diarrhea, other common syptoms include: bloating, gas, fatigue.
A couple more symptoms are: abdominal cramps and constipation.
Also, asymptomatic celiac disease is quite common.

SOME COOL FACTS

Did you know celiac disease is the only auto immune disease with a known trigger?
AND 83% of people who have CD are undiagnosed.
Also, celiac disease doubles your chance of death! And here's a worrying thought: celiac disease is on the rise around the world.

REFERENCES

goodforyouglutenfree.com,
celiac.org, health.facty.com

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